AMD Ryzen 5 5600X vs Intel Core i3-12100

Compare AMD Ryzen 5 Desktop 6 core CPU vs Intel 12th Generation Core i3 4 core processor, specs and benchmark score. Which is the better CPU for gaming?

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Benchmark Score

Overall Score

A combined score of all workloads

73 %
15% slightly better overall score
63 %

Gaming Score

The raw gaming performance with a fast GPU

97 %
101 %
4% slightly better gaming score

Multitasking Score

Performance in workloads using up to 8 cores

66 %
26% slightly better multitasking score
52 %

Heavy Workload Score

Performance in workloads using up to 16 cores

64 %
28% slightly better heavy workload score
50 %

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Specifications

Cores

Number of physical processing units

6
49% significantly more cores
4

Threads

Number of logical processing units

12
49% significantly more threads
8

Clock Speed

Base frequency at which the chip operates

4 GHz
12% slightly higher clock speed
3 GHz

Turbo Speed

Higher frequency used for heavy workloads

5 GHz
6% slightly higher turbo speed
4 GHz

TDP

Thermal Design Power: Measure of heat generated by the CPU

65 W
60 W
8% slightly lower TDP

PCIe Lanes

Number of physical connections between the CPU and expansion slots

20
Identical
20

Memory Channels

Lanes for simultaneous memory access

2
Identical
2

Supported Memory

Maximum amount of RAM supported by this CPU

128 GiB
Identical
128 GiB

L1 Cache

Smallest embedded memory, but the fastest

384 KiB
20% slightly more L1 cache
320 KiB

L3 Cache

General memory pool for all cores

32 MiB
166% significantly more L3 cache
12 MiB

Other details

Rank

Ranking in the hardwareDB database

144th of 1,326
212th of 1,326

Family

The product line

Ryzen 5 Desktop
12th Generation Core i3

Release date

The official date of release of this chip

May 2020
February 2022

Memory Type

The type of memory used by this chip

DDR4
DDR5-4800

Is Unlocked

Can this CPU can be overclocked

Yes
No

Supports ECC memory

Does this CPU support error correcting memory

No
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Ryzen 5 5600X vs Core i3-12100 specs and performance

In our benchmarks, the Ryzen 5 5600X beats the Core i3-12100 in overall performance. Despite this, the Core i3-12100 has the advantage in our gaming benchmark.

In terms of the number of cores of each of these CPUs, the Ryzen 5 5600X has significantly more cores than the Core i3-12100. Indeed the Ryzen 5 5600X has 6 compared to 4 found in the Core i3-12100. It also has more threads than the Core i3-12100. Our comparison shows that the Ryzen 5 5600X has a slightly higher clock speed compared to the Core i3-12100. Also, the Ryzen 5 5600X has a slightly higher turbo speed. The Core i3-12100 outputs less heat than Ryzen 5 5600X thanks to a slightly lower TDP. This measures the amount of heat they output and can be used to estimate power consumption.

The more cores a CPU has, the better the overall performance will be in parallel workloads such as multitasking. Many CPUs have more threads than cores, this means that each physical core is split into multiple logical cores, making them more efficient. Indeed, the Ryzen 5 5600X has more threads than cores. Each physical core is split into multiple threads.

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